McComsey Career Development Center
Visual Arts : Sculpture

Metal
Plastics
Stone
Wood

Metal

Processes, Techniques and Specific Knowledge Areas

__Mold processes

  • resin bonded sand
  • lost wax solid investment
  • ceramic shell
  • Zircar shell
  • hollow and solid forms
  • greensand
  • petroleum-bonded sand

__Finishing

  • patination
  • painting/spray-painting
  • sandblasting
  • polishing
  • steam-cleaning
  • gilding

__Smithing, enameling, electroforming, electroplating, anodizing, and spray etching
__Sawing, filing, soldering, hot/cold forming, welding, torch-cutting, forging, finishing, coloring, seaming, raising, chasing,
__3D rendering and computer processes
__Figural sculpture, large scale sculpture, installation work, kinetic sculpture

Materials, Equipment and Technology

__Fabrication metals

  • aluminum
  • bronze
  • iron
  • brass
  • lead
  • silver
  • gold
  • copper
  • steel (mild, medium-carbon, high-carbon, alloy, stainless, high speed)
  • galvanized sheet iron
  • wire

__Casting metals

  • aluminum bronze
  • silicon bronze
  • iron
  • lead
  • silver
  • gold
  • copper
  • stainless steel

__Welding torches

  • MIG
  • TIG
  • arc
  • plasma
  • oxyacetylene
  • stick

__Furnaces

  • cupola
  • forced air/gas
  • induction

__Handheld/power/pneumatic tools

  • metal shears
  • snips
  • squaring shears
  • metal-cutting band saw
  • hacksaw
  • table saw
  • circular saw
  • nibblers
  • abrasive cutoff saw
  • grinder
  • joint connectors

__Casting tools/equipment>

  • tongs
  • baseblock
  • plunger rod
  • skimmer
  • ingot molds
  • pyrometer
  • crucible
  • fluxes
  • furnace

__Patination chemicals

  • ferric nitrate
  • liver of sulphur
  • acids

__Wax molds

  • sprues
  • runners
  • gating system
  • vents

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Plastics

Processes, Techniques and Specific Knowledge Areas

__Plastics

  • injection molding
  • thermoforming
  • blow molding
  • rotation molding
  • vacuum forming
  • electroforming
  • acrylic casting

__Sheet plastic processes

  • forming
  • heating
  • laminating

__Kinetic sculpture techniques

Materials, Equipment and Technology

__Casting material: vinyl (EVA - Ethylene Vinyl Acetate)
__Epoxy
__Resin
__Body filler
__Fiberglass

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Stone

Processes, Techniques and Specific Knowledge Areas

__General fabrication

  • carving
  • cutting
  • polishing
  • drilling
  • splitting
  • laminating

__Figural sculpture, large scale sculpture, installation work, kinetic sculpture

Materials, Equipment and Technology

__Types of stone

  • granite
  • limestone
  • marble
  • alabaster
  • soapstone
  • slate
  • serpentine
  • onyx
  • travertine
  • basalt
  • steatite

__Hand/power/pneumatic tools

  • chisels
  • diamond-bit saws
  • drills
  • polishing wheels
  • pitching tools
  • rasps/files
  • feathers/wedges

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Wood

Processes, Techniques and Specific Knowledge Areas

__General wood fabrication

  • carving (chainsaw, hand)
  • laminating
  • bending
  • weaving
  • cutting
  • drilling
  • splitting
  • turning

__Finishing

  • polychroming
  • staining
  • polishing
  • gilding

__Figural sculpture, large-scale sculpture, functional work, installation work, kinetic sculpture
__Framing/structural support
__Furniture making and design
__Tool sharpening and maintenance
__Dendrochronology/dating techniques

  • Knowledge of physiology and psychology of human body
  • Ergonomics
  • Casting techniques
  • Metal fabrication
  • Upholstery techniques
  • Design concepts

Materials, Equipment and Technology

__Manual tools:

  • Hammer
  • Chisel
  • Screwdriver
  • Square
  • Rasp
  • Gouge
  • Hacksaw
  • Skill saw
  • Handsaw
  • Clamp
  • Hand planer
  • Wrench

__Power tools:

  • Jigsaw
  • Sabresaw
  • Screwgun
  • Drill
  • Palm sander
  • Belt sander
  • Chainsaw
  • Orbital sander
  • Mouse sander
  • Router
  • Sawz-all

__Machines:

  • table saw
  • planer
  • disc sander
  • joiner
  • shaper
  • drill press
  • lathe
  • radial arm saw

__Compressor for pneumatic tools (nail gun, etc.)
__Types of wood

  • softwood (pine and other confierous)
  • hardwood (deciduous)

__Wood products/sheet goods

  • plywood
  • chipboard
  • masonite
  • MDF
  • OSB
  • partical board

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